Qt Quick TableViews examples - Pixelator

The Pixelator example shows how a QML TableView and a delegate can be used for custom table models.

Running the Example

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 class ImageModel : public QAbstractTableModel
     Q_PROPERTY(QString source READ source WRITE setSource NOTIFY sourceChanged)
     ImageModel(QObject *parent = nullptr);

     QString source() const;
     void setSource(const QString &source);

     int rowCount(const QModelIndex &parent = QModelIndex()) const override;
     int columnCount(const QModelIndex &parent = QModelIndex()) const override;

     QVariant data(const QModelIndex &index, int role = Qt::DisplayRole) const override;

     QVariant headerData(int /* section */, Qt::Orientation /* orientation */,
                         int role) const override;

     void sourceChanged();

     QString m_source;
     QImage m_image;

We only require a simple, read-only table model. Thus, we need to implement functions to indicate the dimensions of the image and supply data to the TableView. We use the Qt Property System and a source property as QString to set the path of the image. We also add the QML_ELEMENT macro to expose the model to QML.

 void ImageModel::setSource(const QString &source)
     if (m_source == source)

     m_source = source;

Here we load the image when the source path is set. When the source path has changed, we need to call beginResetModel() before. After the image has been loaded, we need to call endResetModel().

 int ImageModel::rowCount(const QModelIndex &parent) const
     if (parent.isValid())
         return 0;
     return m_image.height();

 int ImageModel::columnCount(const QModelIndex &parent) const
     if (parent.isValid())
         return 0;
     return m_image.width();

The row and column count is set to image height and width, respectively.

 QVariant ImageModel::data(const QModelIndex &index, int role) const
     if (!index.isValid() || role != Qt::DisplayRole)
         return QVariant();
     return qGray(m_image.pixel(index.column(), index.row()));

This overloaded function allows us to access the pixel data from the image. When we call this function with the display role, we return the pixel's gray value.

 Component {
     id: pixelDelegate

     Item {
         required property real display

         readonly property real gray: display / 255.0
         readonly property real size: 16

         implicitWidth: size
         implicitHeight: size

Each pixel in the TableView is displayed via a delegate component. It contains an item that has an implicit height and width defining the cell size of the table. It also has a property for the gray value of the pixel that is retrieved from the model.

 Rectangle {
     id: rect
     anchors.centerIn: parent
     color: "#09102b"
     radius: parent.size - parent.gray * parent.size
     implicitWidth: radius
     implicitHeight: radius

Inside the Item, there is a rounded Rectangle with the size and radius according to the pixel's gray value.

 MouseArea {
     anchors.fill: parent
     hoverEnabled: true
     onEntered: rect.color = "#cecfd5"
     onExited: colorAnimation.start()

For a little bit of interaction, we place a MouseArea inside the Item and change the Rectangle's color on mouse over.

 ColorAnimation on color {
     id: colorAnimation
     running: false
     to: "#41cd52"
     duration: 1500

The Rectangle also has a short color animation to fade between the colors when it is changed.

 TableView {
     id: tableView
     anchors.fill: parent
     model: ImageModel {
         source: ":/qt.png"

     delegate: pixelDelegate

The TableView spans over the whole window and has an instance of our custom ImageModel attached.

Example project @ code.qt.io