Doctests: run doctests with nose

Use the Doctest plugin with --with-doctest or the NOSE_WITH_DOCTEST environment variable to enable collection and execution of doctests. Because doctests are usually included in the tested package (instead of being grouped into packages or modules of their own), nose only looks for them in the non-test packages it discovers in the working directory.

Doctests may also be placed into files other than python modules, in which case they can be collected and executed by using the --doctest-extension switch or NOSE_DOCTEST_EXTENSION environment variable to indicate which file extension(s) to load.

When loading doctests from non-module files, use the --doctest-fixtures switch to specify how to find modules containing fixtures for the tests. A module name will be produced by appending the value of that switch to the base name of each doctest file loaded. For example, a doctest file “widgets.rst” with the switch --doctest_fixtures=_fixt will load fixtures from the module widgets_fixt.py.

A fixtures module may define any or all of the following functions:

  • setup([module]) or setup_module([module])

    Called before the test runs. You may raise SkipTest to skip all tests.

  • teardown([module]) or teardown_module([module])

    Called after the test runs, if setup/setup_module did not raise an unhandled exception.

  • setup_test(test)

    Called before the test. NOTE: the argument passed is a doctest.DocTest instance, not a unittest.TestCase.

  • teardown_test(test)

    Called after the test, if setup_test did not raise an exception. NOTE: the argument passed is a doctest.DocTest instance, not a unittest.TestCase.

Doctests are run like any other test, with the exception that output capture does not work; doctest does its own output capture while running a test.

Note

See ../doc_tests/test_doctest_fixtures/doctest_fixtures for additional documentation and examples.

Options

--with-doctest

Enable plugin Doctest: Activate doctest plugin to find and run doctests in non-test modules. [NOSE_WITH_DOCTEST]

--doctest-tests

Also look for doctests in test modules. Note that classes, methods and functions should have either doctests or non-doctest tests, not both. [NOSE_DOCTEST_TESTS]

--doctest-extension=EXT

Also look for doctests in files with this extension [NOSE_DOCTEST_EXTENSION]

--doctest-result-variable=VAR

Change the variable name set to the result of the last interpreter command from the default ‘_’. Can be used to avoid conflicts with the _() function used for text translation. [NOSE_DOCTEST_RESULT_VAR]

--doctest-fixtures=SUFFIX

Find fixtures for a doctest file in module with this name appended to the base name of the doctest file

--doctest-options=OPTIONS

Specify options to pass to doctest. Eg. ‘+ELLIPSIS,+NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE’

Plugin

class nose.plugins.doctests.Doctest

Bases: nose.plugins.base.Plugin

Activate doctest plugin to find and run doctests in non-test modules.

configure(options, config)

Configure plugin.

loadTestsFromFile(filename)

Load doctests from the file.

Tests are loaded only if filename’s extension matches configured doctest extension.

loadTestsFromModule(module)

Load doctests from the module.

makeTest(obj, parent)

Look for doctests in the given object, which will be a function, method or class.

options(parser, env)

Register commmandline options.

prepareTestLoader(loader)

Capture loader’s suiteClass.

This is used to create test suites from doctest files.

suiteClass

alias of DoctestSuite

wantFile(file)

Override to select all modules and any file ending with configured doctest extension.

Source

"""Use the Doctest plugin with ``--with-doctest`` or the NOSE_WITH_DOCTEST
environment variable to enable collection and execution of :mod:`doctests
<doctest>`.  Because doctests are usually included in the tested package
(instead of being grouped into packages or modules of their own), nose only
looks for them in the non-test packages it discovers in the working directory.

Doctests may also be placed into files other than python modules, in which
case they can be collected and executed by using the ``--doctest-extension``
switch or NOSE_DOCTEST_EXTENSION environment variable to indicate which file
extension(s) to load.

When loading doctests from non-module files, use the ``--doctest-fixtures``
switch to specify how to find modules containing fixtures for the tests. A
module name will be produced by appending the value of that switch to the base
name of each doctest file loaded. For example, a doctest file "widgets.rst"
with the switch ``--doctest_fixtures=_fixt`` will load fixtures from the module
``widgets_fixt.py``.

A fixtures module may define any or all of the following functions:

* setup([module]) or setup_module([module])
   
  Called before the test runs. You may raise SkipTest to skip all tests.
  
* teardown([module]) or teardown_module([module])

  Called after the test runs, if setup/setup_module did not raise an
  unhandled exception.

* setup_test(test)

  Called before the test. NOTE: the argument passed is a
  doctest.DocTest instance, *not* a unittest.TestCase.
  
* teardown_test(test)
 
  Called after the test, if setup_test did not raise an exception. NOTE: the
  argument passed is a doctest.DocTest instance, *not* a unittest.TestCase.
  
Doctests are run like any other test, with the exception that output
capture does not work; doctest does its own output capture while running a
test.

.. note ::

   See :doc:`../doc_tests/test_doctest_fixtures/doctest_fixtures` for
   additional documentation and examples.

"""


import logging
import os
import sys
import unittest
from inspect import getmodule
from nose.plugins.base import Plugin
from nose.suite import ContextList
from nose.util import anyp, getpackage, test_address, resolve_name, \
     src, tolist, isproperty
try:
    from io import StringIO
except ImportError:
    from io import StringIO
import sys
import builtins as builtin_mod

log = logging.getLogger(__name__)

try:
    import doctest
    doctest.DocTestCase
    # system version of doctest is acceptable, but needs a monkeypatch
except (ImportError, AttributeError):
    # system version is too old
    import nose.ext.dtcompat as doctest


#
# Doctest and coverage don't get along, so we need to create
# a monkeypatch that will replace the part of doctest that
# interferes with coverage reports.
#
# The monkeypatch is based on this zope patch:
# http://svn.zope.org/Zope3/trunk/src/zope/testing/doctest.py?rev=28679&r1=28703&r2=28705
#
_orp = doctest._OutputRedirectingPdb

class NoseOutputRedirectingPdb(_orp):
    def __init__(self, out):
        self.__debugger_used = False
        _orp.__init__(self, out)

    def set_trace(self):
        self.__debugger_used = True
        _orp.set_trace(self, sys._getframe().f_back)

    def set_continue(self):
        # Calling set_continue unconditionally would break unit test 
        # coverage reporting, as Bdb.set_continue calls sys.settrace(None).
        if self.__debugger_used:
            _orp.set_continue(self)
doctest._OutputRedirectingPdb = NoseOutputRedirectingPdb    


class DoctestSuite(unittest.TestSuite):
    """
    Doctest suites are parallelizable at the module or file level only,
    since they may be attached to objects that are not individually
    addressable (like properties). This suite subclass is used when
    loading doctests from a module to ensure that behavior.

    This class is used only if the plugin is not fully prepared;
    in normal use, the loader's suiteClass is used.
    
    """
    can_split = False
    
    def __init__(self, tests=(), context=None, can_split=False):
        self.context = context
        self.can_split = can_split
        unittest.TestSuite.__init__(self, tests=tests)

    def address(self):
        return test_address(self.context)

    def __iter__(self):
        # 2.3 compat
        return iter(self._tests)

    def __str__(self):
        return str(self._tests)

        
class Doctest(Plugin):
    """
    Activate doctest plugin to find and run doctests in non-test modules.
    """
    extension = None
    suiteClass = DoctestSuite
    
    def options(self, parser, env):
        """Register commmandline options.
        """
        Plugin.options(self, parser, env)
        parser.add_option('--doctest-tests', action='store_true',
                          dest='doctest_tests',
                          default=env.get('NOSE_DOCTEST_TESTS'),
                          help="Also look for doctests in test modules. "
                          "Note that classes, methods and functions should "
                          "have either doctests or non-doctest tests, "
                          "not both. [NOSE_DOCTEST_TESTS]")
        parser.add_option('--doctest-extension', action="append",
                          dest="doctestExtension",
                          metavar="EXT",
                          help="Also look for doctests in files with "
                          "this extension [NOSE_DOCTEST_EXTENSION]")
        parser.add_option('--doctest-result-variable',
                          dest='doctest_result_var',
                          default=env.get('NOSE_DOCTEST_RESULT_VAR'),
                          metavar="VAR",
                          help="Change the variable name set to the result of "
                          "the last interpreter command from the default '_'. "
                          "Can be used to avoid conflicts with the _() "
                          "function used for text translation. "
                          "[NOSE_DOCTEST_RESULT_VAR]")
        parser.add_option('--doctest-fixtures', action="store",
                          dest="doctestFixtures",
                          metavar="SUFFIX",
                          help="Find fixtures for a doctest file in module "
                          "with this name appended to the base name "
                          "of the doctest file")
        parser.add_option('--doctest-options', action="append",
                          dest="doctestOptions",
                          metavar="OPTIONS",
                          help="Specify options to pass to doctest. " +
                          "Eg. '+ELLIPSIS,+NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE'")
        # Set the default as a list, if given in env; otherwise
        # an additional value set on the command line will cause
        # an error.
        env_setting = env.get('NOSE_DOCTEST_EXTENSION')
        if env_setting is not None:
            parser.set_defaults(doctestExtension=tolist(env_setting))

    def configure(self, options, config):
        """Configure plugin.
        """
        Plugin.configure(self, options, config)
        self.doctest_result_var = options.doctest_result_var
        self.doctest_tests = options.doctest_tests
        self.extension = tolist(options.doctestExtension)
        self.fixtures = options.doctestFixtures
        self.finder = doctest.DocTestFinder()
        self.optionflags = 0
        if options.doctestOptions:
            flags = ",".join(options.doctestOptions).split(',')
            for flag in flags:
                if not flag or flag[0] not in '+-':
                    raise ValueError(
                        "Must specify doctest options with starting " +
                        "'+' or '-'.  Got %s" % (flag,))
                mode, option_name = flag[0], flag[1:]
                option_flag = doctest.OPTIONFLAGS_BY_NAME.get(option_name)
                if not option_flag:
                    raise ValueError("Unknown doctest option %s" %
                                     (option_name,))
                if mode == '+':
                    self.optionflags |= option_flag
                elif mode == '-':
                    self.optionflags &= ~option_flag

    def prepareTestLoader(self, loader):
        """Capture loader's suiteClass.

        This is used to create test suites from doctest files.
        
        """
        self.suiteClass = loader.suiteClass

    def loadTestsFromModule(self, module):
        """Load doctests from the module.
        """
        log.debug("loading from %s", module)
        if not self.matches(module.__name__):
            log.debug("Doctest doesn't want module %s", module)
            return
        try:
            tests = self.finder.find(module)
        except AttributeError:
            log.exception("Attribute error loading from %s", module)
            # nose allows module.__test__ = False; doctest does not and throws
            # AttributeError
            return
        if not tests:
            log.debug("No tests found in %s", module)
            return
        tests.sort()
        module_file = src(module.__file__)
        # FIXME this breaks the id plugin somehow (tests probably don't
        # get wrapped in result proxy or something)
        cases = []
        for test in tests:
            if not test.examples:
                continue
            if not test.filename:
                test.filename = module_file
            cases.append(DocTestCase(test,
                                     optionflags=self.optionflags,
                                     result_var=self.doctest_result_var))
        if cases:
            yield self.suiteClass(cases, context=module, can_split=False)
            
    def loadTestsFromFile(self, filename):
        """Load doctests from the file.

        Tests are loaded only if filename's extension matches
        configured doctest extension.

        """
        if self.extension and anyp(filename.endswith, self.extension):
            name = os.path.basename(filename)
            dh = open(filename)
            try:
                doc = dh.read()
            finally:
                dh.close()

            fixture_context = None
            globs = {'__file__': filename}
            if self.fixtures:
                base, ext = os.path.splitext(name)
                dirname = os.path.dirname(filename)
                sys.path.append(dirname)
                fixt_mod = base + self.fixtures
                try:
                    fixture_context = __import__(
                        fixt_mod, globals(), locals(), ["nop"])
                except ImportError as e:
                    log.debug(
                        "Could not import %s: %s (%s)", fixt_mod, e, sys.path)
                log.debug("Fixture module %s resolved to %s",
                          fixt_mod, fixture_context)
                if hasattr(fixture_context, 'globs'):
                    globs = fixture_context.globs(globs)                    
            parser = doctest.DocTestParser()
            test = parser.get_doctest(
                doc, globs=globs, name=name,
                filename=filename, lineno=0)
            if test.examples:
                case = DocFileCase(
                    test,
                    optionflags=self.optionflags,
                    setUp=getattr(fixture_context, 'setup_test', None),
                    tearDown=getattr(fixture_context, 'teardown_test', None),
                    result_var=self.doctest_result_var)
                if fixture_context:
                    yield ContextList((case,), context=fixture_context)
                else:
                    yield case
            else:
                yield False # no tests to load
            
    def makeTest(self, obj, parent):
        """Look for doctests in the given object, which will be a
        function, method or class.
        """
        name = getattr(obj, '__name__', 'Unnammed %s' % type(obj))
        doctests = self.finder.find(obj, module=getmodule(parent), name=name)
        if doctests:
            for test in doctests:
                if len(test.examples) == 0:
                    continue
                yield DocTestCase(test, obj=obj, optionflags=self.optionflags,
                                  result_var=self.doctest_result_var)
    
    def matches(self, name):
        # FIXME this seems wrong -- nothing is ever going to
        # fail this test, since we're given a module NAME not FILE
        if name == '__init__.py':
            return False
        # FIXME don't think we need include/exclude checks here?
        return ((self.doctest_tests or not self.conf.testMatch.search(name)
                 or (self.conf.include 
                     and [_f for _f in [inc.search(name)
                                 for inc in self.conf.include] if _f]))
                and (not self.conf.exclude 
                     or not [_f for _f in [exc.search(name)
                                    for exc in self.conf.exclude] if _f]))
    
    def wantFile(self, file):
        """Override to select all modules and any file ending with
        configured doctest extension.
        """
        # always want .py files
        if file.endswith('.py'):
            return True
        # also want files that match my extension
        if (self.extension
            and anyp(file.endswith, self.extension)
            and (not self.conf.exclude
                 or not [_f for _f in [exc.search(file)
                                for exc in self.conf.exclude] if _f])):
            return True
        return None


class DocTestCase(doctest.DocTestCase):
    """Overrides DocTestCase to
    provide an address() method that returns the correct address for
    the doctest case. To provide hints for address(), an obj may also
    be passed -- this will be used as the test object for purposes of
    determining the test address, if it is provided.
    """
    def __init__(self, test, optionflags=0, setUp=None, tearDown=None,
                 checker=None, obj=None, result_var='_'):
        self._result_var = result_var
        self._nose_obj = obj
        super(DocTestCase, self).__init__(
            test, optionflags=optionflags, setUp=setUp, tearDown=tearDown,
            checker=checker)
    
    def address(self):
        if self._nose_obj is not None:
            return test_address(self._nose_obj)
        obj = resolve_name(self._dt_test.name)

        if isproperty(obj):
            # properties have no connection to the class they are in
            # so we can't just look 'em up, we have to first look up
            # the class, then stick the prop on the end
            parts = self._dt_test.name.split('.')
            class_name = '.'.join(parts[:-1])
            cls = resolve_name(class_name)
            base_addr = test_address(cls)
            return (base_addr[0], base_addr[1],
                    '.'.join([base_addr[2], parts[-1]]))
        else:
            return test_address(obj)
    
    # doctests loaded via find(obj) omit the module name
    # so we need to override id, __repr__ and shortDescription
    # bonus: this will squash a 2.3 vs 2.4 incompatiblity
    def id(self):
        name = self._dt_test.name
        filename = self._dt_test.filename
        if filename is not None:
            pk = getpackage(filename)
            if pk is None:
                return name
            if not name.startswith(pk):
                name = "%s.%s" % (pk, name)
        return name
    
    def __repr__(self):
        name = self.id()
        name = name.split('.')
        return "%s (%s)" % (name[-1], '.'.join(name[:-1]))
    __str__ = __repr__

    def shortDescription(self):
        return 'Doctest: %s' % self.id()

    def setUp(self):
        if self._result_var is not None:
            self._old_displayhook = sys.displayhook
            sys.displayhook = self._displayhook
        super(DocTestCase, self).setUp()

    def _displayhook(self, value):
        if value is None:
            return
        setattr(builtin_mod, self._result_var,  value)
        print(repr(value))

    def tearDown(self):
        super(DocTestCase, self).tearDown()
        if self._result_var is not None:
            sys.displayhook = self._old_displayhook
            delattr(builtin_mod, self._result_var)


class DocFileCase(doctest.DocFileCase):
    """Overrides to provide address() method that returns the correct
    address for the doc file case.
    """
    def __init__(self, test, optionflags=0, setUp=None, tearDown=None,
                 checker=None, result_var='_'):
        self._result_var = result_var
        super(DocFileCase, self).__init__(
            test, optionflags=optionflags, setUp=setUp, tearDown=tearDown,
            checker=None)

    def address(self):
        return (self._dt_test.filename, None, None)

    def setUp(self):
        if self._result_var is not None:
            self._old_displayhook = sys.displayhook
            sys.displayhook = self._displayhook
        super(DocFileCase, self).setUp()

    def _displayhook(self, value):
        if value is None:
            return
        setattr(builtin_mod, self._result_var, value)
        print(repr(value))

    def tearDown(self):
        super(DocFileCase, self).tearDown()
        if self._result_var is not None:
            sys.displayhook = self._old_displayhook
            delattr(builtin_mod, self._result_var)