# Decorating Functions to Accept NDData Objects¶

The astropy.nddata module includes a decorator support_nddata() that makes it convenient for developers and users to write functions that can accept NDData objects and also separate arguments.

Consider the following function:

def test(data, wcs=None, unit=None, n_iterations=3):
...


Now say that we want to be able to call the function as test(nd) where nd is an NDData instance. We can decorate this function using support_nddata():

from astropy.nddata import support_nddata

@support_nddata
def test(data, wcs=None, unit=None, n_iterations=3):
...


Which makes it so that when the user calls test(nd), the function would automatically be called with:

test(nd.data, wcs=nd.wcs, unit=nd.unit)


The decorator looks at the signature of the function and checks if any of the arguments are also properties of the NDData object, and passes them as individual arguments. The function can also be called with separate arguments as if it was not decorated.

A warning is emitted if an NDData property is set but the function does not accept it — for example, if wcs is set, but the function cannot support WCS objects. On the other hand, if an argument in the function does not exist in the NDData object or is not set, it is left to its default value.

If the function call succeeds, then the decorator returns the values from the function unmodified by default. However, in some cases we may want to return separate data, wcs, etc. if these were passed in separately, and a new NDData instance otherwise. To do this, you can specify repack=True in the decorator and provide a list of the names of the output arguments from the function:

@support_nddata(repack=True, returns=['data', 'wcs'])
def test(data, wcs=None, unit=None, n_iterations=3):
...


With this, the function will return separate values if test is called with separate arguments, and an object with the same class type as the input if the input is an NDData or subclass instance.

Finally, the decorator can be made to restrict input to specific NDData subclasses (and the subclasses of those) using the accepts option:

@support_nddata(accepts=CCDImage)
def test(data, wcs=None, unit=None, n_iterations=3):
...