class astropy.convolution.Box1DKernel(width, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: astropy.convolution.Kernel1D

1D Box filter kernel.

The Box filter or running mean is a smoothing filter. It is not isotropic and can produce artifacts, when applied repeatedly to the same data.

By default the Box kernel uses the linear_interp discretization mode, which allows non-shifting, even-sized kernels. This is achieved by weighting the edge pixels with 1/2. E.g a Box kernel with an effective smoothing of 4 pixel would have the following array: [0.5, 1, 1, 1, 0.5].


Width of the filter kernel.

modestr, optional
One of the following discretization modes:
  • ‘center’

    Discretize model by taking the value at the center of the bin.

  • ‘linear_interp’ (default)

    Discretize model by linearly interpolating between the values at the corners of the bin.

  • ‘oversample’

    Discretize model by taking the average on an oversampled grid.

  • ‘integrate’

    Discretize model by integrating the model over the bin.

factornumber, optional

Factor of oversampling. Default factor = 10.


Kernel response function:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from astropy.convolution import Box1DKernel
box_1D_kernel = Box1DKernel(9)
plt.plot(box_1D_kernel, drawstyle='steps')
plt.xlim(-1, 9)
plt.xlabel('x [pixels]')

(png, svg, pdf)