Aria  2.8.0

Example showing ARIA's cross-platform threading tools.ARIA provides some tools for writing multithreaded programs. These are abstractions of the threading library provided by the native operating system.

The three main tools are:

This example program shows the use of all three, with two threads interacting: the program's main thread of execution, and a new thread created using ArASyncTask. An ArMutex object is used to keep use of some shared data safe, and then the use of ArCondition is shown.

Threading can be error-prone, since any (perhaps subconcious) assumptions you have about the linear execution of code may not apply to simultaneous threads. Furthermore, different computers will execute multithreaded code in different ways (especially if they have different numbers of CPUs). ARIA's threading tools can help make multiple threads work, and help make multithreaded code portable, but you must always think carefully about how code might execute (including error conditions!) to avoid deadlocks and race conditions.

Adept MobileRobots Robotics Interface for Applications (ARIA)
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#include "Aria.h"
/* A subclass of ArASyncTask, to contain a method that runs in a new thread */
class ExampleThread : public ArASyncTask
ArCondition myCondition;
ArMutex myMutex;
int myCounter;
/* Construtor. Initialize counter. */
ExampleThread() : myCounter(0)
/* This method is called in the new thread when launched. The void* parameter
* and return value are platform implementation-specific and can be ignored.
* This method will run in a loop, incrementing the counter each second, but
* locking the mutex to prevent conflicting access by other threads.
* If it reaches a value divisible by ten, signal our condition variable.
void* runThread(void*)
// Run until the thread is requested to end by another thread.
// Increment the counter.
ArLog::log(ArLog::Normal, "Example thread: incremented counter to %d.", myCounter);
// If it's now divisible by 10, signal the condition variable.
if(myCounter % 10 == 0)
ArLog::log(ArLog::Normal, "Example thread: Signalling condition.");
// Unlock, then sleep. We unlock before the sleep, so that while
// we are sleeping, other threads that try to lock the mutex won't
// be blocked until this thread is done sleeping.
ArLog::log(ArLog::Normal, "Example thread: requested stop running, ending thread.");
return NULL;
/* Other threads can call this to wait for a condition eventually
* signalled by this thread. (So note that in this example program, this
* function is not executed within "Example thread", but is executed in the main thread.)
void waitOnCondition()
ArLog::log(ArLog::Normal, " %s ArCondition object was signalled, done waiting for it.", myCondition.getLogName());
/* Get the counter. Not threadsafe, you must lock the mutex during access. */
int getCounter() { return myCounter; }
/* Set the countner. Not threadsafe, you must lock the mutex during access. */
void setCounter(int ctr) { myCounter = ctr; }
/* Lock the mutex object. */
void lockMutex() { myMutex.lock(); }
/* Unlock the mutex object. */
void unlockMutex() { myMutex.unlock(); }
int main()
ExampleThread exampleThread;
/* Launch the new thread in the background. This thread (i.e. the main program thread,
* executing main()) continues immediately after the new thread is created. */
ArLog::log(ArLog::Normal, "Main thread: Running new example thread ...");
/* Loop, reading the value contained in the ExampleThread object.
* We will also use ArUtil::sleep() to make this thread sleep each iteration,
* instead of running as fast as possible and potentially preventing other
* threads from access to the mutex and the shared counter.
* When the counter reaches 10, break out of the loop and then wait on the
* condition variable.
int c = exampleThread.getCounter();
exampleThread.unlockMutex(); // we can unlock the mutex now, since we made a copy of the counter.
printf("Main thread: Counter=%d.\n", c);
if(c >= 10)
/* This shows how to block on an ArCondition object.
* wait() will *only* return when the condition object is
* signaled by the other thread.
ArLog::log(ArLog::Normal, "Main thread: Waiting on condition object...");
ArLog::log(ArLog::Normal, "Main thread: Condition was signaled, and execution continued. Telling the other thread to stop running.");
ArLog::log(ArLog::Normal, "Main thread: Waiting for the other thread to exit, then exiting the program.");
do {
} while(exampleThread.getRunningWithLock());
ArLog::log(ArLog::Normal, "Main thread: Exiting program.");
return 0;