Logging

Logging can save you time and effort when developing your code or looking for help. If your code is not behaving how you expect it to, enabling and configuring logging can quickly give you valuable insight into the root cause of the issue. If you need help from the OpenStack community, the logs can help the people there assist you.

Note

By default, no logging is done.

Enable SDK Logging

To enable logging you use enable_logging().

The debug parameter controls the logging level. Set debug=True to log debug and higher messages. Set debug=False to log warning and higher messages.

To log debug and higher messages:

import sys
from openstack import utils

utils.enable_logging(debug=True, stream=sys.stdout)

The path parameter controls the location of a log file. If set, this parameter will send log messages to a file using a FileHandler.

To log messages to a file called openstack.log:

from openstack import utils

utils.enable_logging(debug=True, path='openstack.log')

The stream parameter controls the stream where log message are written to. If set to sys.stdout or sys.stderr, this parameter will send log messages to that stream using a StreamHandler

To log messages to the console on stdout:

import sys
from openstack import utils

utils.enable_logging(debug=True, stream=sys.stdout)

You can combine the path and stream parameters to log to both places simultaneously.

To log messages to a file called openstack.log and the console on stdout:

import sys
from openstack import utils

utils.enable_logging(debug=True, path='openstack.log', stream=sys.stdout)

Enable requests Logging

The SDK depends on a small number other libraries. Notably, it uses requests for its transport layer. To get even more information about the request/response cycle, you enable logging of requests the same as you would any other library.

To log messages to the console on stdout:

import logging
import sys

logger = logging.getLogger('requests')
formatter = logging.Formatter(
    '%(asctime)s %(levelname)s: %(name)s %(message)s')
console = logging.StreamHandler(sys.stdout)
console.setFormatter(formatter)
logger.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)
logger.addHandler(console)