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pylab_examples example code: legend_demo5.pyΒΆ

(Source code, png)

../../_images/legend_demo5.png
from __future__ import (absolute_import, division,
                        print_function, unicode_literals)
import six
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from matplotlib.legend_handler import HandlerLineCollection
import matplotlib.collections as mcol
from matplotlib.lines import Line2D


class HandlerDashedLines(HandlerLineCollection):
    """
    Custom Handler for LineCollection instances.
    """
    def create_artists(self, legend, orig_handle,
                       xdescent, ydescent, width, height, fontsize, trans):
        # figure out how many lines there are
        numlines = len(orig_handle.get_segments())
        xdata, xdata_marker = self.get_xdata(legend, xdescent, ydescent,
                                             width, height, fontsize)
        leglines = []
        # divide the vertical space where the lines will go
        # into equal parts based on the number of lines
        ydata = ((height) / (numlines + 1)) * np.ones(xdata.shape, float)
        # for each line, create the line at the proper location
        # and set the dash pattern
        for i in range(numlines):
            legline = Line2D(xdata, ydata * (numlines - i) - ydescent)
            self.update_prop(legline, orig_handle, legend)
            # set color, dash pattern, and linewidth to that
            # of the lines in linecollection
            try:
                color = orig_handle.get_colors()[i]
            except IndexError:
                color = orig_handle.get_colors()[0]
            try:
                dashes = orig_handle.get_dashes()[i]
            except IndexError:
                dashes = orig_handle.get_dashes()[0]
            try:
                lw = orig_handle.get_linewidths()[i]
            except IndexError:
                lw = orig_handle.get_linewidths()[0]
            if dashes[0] is not None:
                legline.set_dashes(dashes[1])
            legline.set_color(color)
            legline.set_transform(trans)
            legline.set_linewidth(lw)
            leglines.append(legline)
        return leglines

x = np.linspace(0, 5, 100)

plt.figure()
colors = plt.rcParams['axes.prop_cycle'].by_key()['color'][:5]
styles = ['solid', 'dashed', 'dashed', 'dashed', 'solid']
lines = []
for i, color, style in zip(range(5), colors, styles):
    plt.plot(x, np.sin(x) - .1 * i, c=color, ls=style)


# make proxy artists
# make list of one line -- doesn't matter what the coordinates are
line = [[(0, 0)]]
# set up the proxy artist
lc = mcol.LineCollection(5 * line, linestyles=styles, colors=colors)
# create the legend
plt.legend([lc], ['multi-line'], handler_map={type(lc): HandlerDashedLines()},
           handlelength=2.5, handleheight=3)

plt.show()

Keywords: python, matplotlib, pylab, example, codex (see Search examples)