matplotlib

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pylab_examples example code: hexbin_demo.pyΒΆ

(Source code, png)

../../_images/hexbin_demo2.png
"""
hexbin is an axes method or pyplot function that is essentially
a pcolor of a 2-D histogram with hexagonal cells.  It can be
much more informative than a scatter plot; in the first subplot
below, try substituting 'scatter' for 'hexbin'.
"""

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

np.random.seed(0)
n = 100000
x = np.random.standard_normal(n)
y = 2.0 + 3.0 * x + 4.0 * np.random.standard_normal(n)
xmin = x.min()
xmax = x.max()
ymin = y.min()
ymax = y.max()

fig, axs = plt.subplots(ncols=2, sharey=True, figsize=(7, 4))
fig.subplots_adjust(hspace=0.5, left=0.07, right=0.93)
ax = axs[0]
hb = ax.hexbin(x, y, gridsize=50, cmap='inferno')
ax.axis([xmin, xmax, ymin, ymax])
ax.set_title("Hexagon binning")
cb = fig.colorbar(hb, ax=ax)
cb.set_label('counts')

ax = axs[1]
hb = ax.hexbin(x, y, gridsize=50, bins='log', cmap='inferno')
ax.axis([xmin, xmax, ymin, ymax])
ax.set_title("With a log color scale")
cb = fig.colorbar(hb, ax=ax)
cb.set_label('log10(N)')

plt.show()

Keywords: python, matplotlib, pylab, example, codex (see Search examples)